Medical English

The exercise was created 2016-11-22 by sahelaminipour. Question count: 381.




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  • sternoclavicular articulation meeting point of the breast and collar bone
  • sternum breast bone
  • clavicle collar bone
  • joint meeting point
  • post after
  • post mortem after death
  • bacteria singular bacterium
  • bacteria plural bacteria
  • bacilli singular bacillus
  • bacilli plural bacilli
  • unicellular one cell
  • tapers shape that becomes narrower
  • slender thin
  • rigid stiff
  • elastic stretchable
  • amorp no definite shape
  • a no
  • morp shape
  • twisted convoluted
  • curved twisted
  • orifice opening
  • sigma S
  • small intestine duodenum, jejunum, ileum
  • duodenum shape C shaped
  • ileocecal orifice and valve meeting point of large and small intestine
  • mouth oral cavity
  • pharynx throat
  • large intestine cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum, anus
  • flexure bend
  • left colic flexure? between descending colon and transverse colon
  • right colic flexure between ascending colon and transverse colon
  • skin dermal / cutane
  • kidney ren / nephr
  • mouth stomat / or
  • stomach gastr
  • head crani
  • eye ocul
  • teeth dent
  • -malacia abnormal softening
  • - megaly enlargement
  • -tomy incision
  • -graphy act of recording
  • -ia condition
  • -ist specialist
  • -ic pertaining to
  • -ous producing
  • hemi- one half
  • para- beside, near
  • trans- through, across
  • -ous pertaining to
  • pre- before
  • retro- behind, back
  • endo- within
  • peri- around
  • supra- above
  • brady- slow
  • dys- difficult
  • eu- good
  • mal- bad
  • steno- contracted, narrow
  • trans- through, across
  • quadri- four
  • poly- many
  • tachy- fast, rapid
  • -cele hernia
  • -cyst bladder like sac
  • -algia pain
  • -osis condition
  • -itis inflammation
  • -plasty surgical repair
  • -tripsy surgical crushing
  • -pexy surgical fixation
  • -anemia blood
  • -gen producing, forming, origin
  • -iasis abnormal condition
  • -osis too many, exaggerated condition
  • -pathy any disease
  • -penia decrease, deficiency
  • -phagia eating
  • -ic pertaining to
  • ellipsoidal sperical, oval shaped
  • cylindrical rod-like, tube shaped
  • spiral helicoidal
  • helicoidal curved
  • tapers narrowing
  • bluntly pointed rounded point
  • rod thin, slender obstacle of stiff material
  • wedge shaped wider at apex, tapering towards base.
  • wide borad, dilated, voluminous
  • narrow cramped
  • distal located far away from the torso
  • proximal located closest to the torso
  • irregularly shaped atypical, non symmetric
  • shaft midsection of bone
  • twist twirl, spin, rotation
  • motile moving
  • flexible easily bent
  • concave curved/hollowed inwards.
  • convex curving out
  • permeable absorptive, let particles through
  • adhesive sticky
  • nucleus center of cell
  • nuclei singular
  • digestion physical and chemical breakdown of the food
  • erythrocytes red blood cells
  • leukocytes white blood cells
  • leuk/o white
  • erythr/o red
  • erythropia red vision
  • types of leukocytes? monocyte, lymphocyte, polymorphonuclear
  • platelets thrombocytes.
  • thrombocyte blood clotting, cell fragment
  • phagocyte eating cell
  • cyte cell
  • phag/o eating/swallowing
  • -mania mental disease
  • esophagus parts cervical, thoracic and abdominal part
  • properties of erythrocytes flexible
  • properties of leucocytes flexible, phagocytic, motile
  • properties of platelets flexible, adhesive
  • properties of arteries impermeable, muscular, elastic
  • properties of capillaries permeable
  • properties of veins impermeable, muscular
  • elastic stretchable
  • condyle shaped rounded prominence
  • condyle knuckle like prominence
  • prominence standing out
  • Parts of the vertebral column? cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccyx vertebrae
  • lumbar loin, lower back
  • cervix neck of the uterus
  • supra- above
  • anterior & ... ventral
  • posterior and... dorsal
  • peripheral far from the center
  • phalanx finger / toe bone
  • posterial + superior posterosuperior
  • proximal point of attachment of small intestine duodenum
  • another word for left colic flexure splenic flexure
  • flexure bend
  • another word for right colic flexure hepatic flexure
  • hepat/o liver
  • abdominal cavity proper only the internal organs, no muscles no tissues.
  • cavity hollow space
  • from --> to leads / extend
  • peritone/o membrane inside abdomen
  • compartment enclosed space
  • duct narrow tube-like structure
  • lobe part of a soft organ
  • lobules small lobes
  • fossa depression, pit
  • protusion outstanding part
  • socket the hole in pelvic that attaches femur
  • margin edge
  • orbit rounded cavity in the scull for the eyes
  • -epi layers of tissue
  • viscus an internal organ
  • viscera internal organs
  • respiration breathing
  • be bound be attached
  • gastr/o stomach
  • ad near
  • supra above
  • dorsal/posterior cavity cranial and spinal cavity
  • ventral/inferior cavity thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity
  • border between thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity? diaphragm
  • canal gutter
  • sinuses air filled bony cavities
  • intrauterine life life within uterus
  • perigastric region region around the stomach
  • interosseous arteries arteries between bones
  • compartment enclosed space
  • depression fossa
  • fluid inside the abdomen intraabdominal fluid
  • enclosed space inside the chest cavity intrathoracic compartment
  • depression behind the duodenum retroduodenal fossa
  • narrow tube like structure in the liver intrahepatic duct
  • arteries between the ribs intercostal arteries
  • air-filled bony cavities next to the nose paranasal sinuses
  • the edge of esophagus esophageal margin
  • membrane around the tooth periodontal membrane
  • canal beside the vertebrae paravertebral gutter
  • nervous system peripheral and central nervous system
  • central nervous system brain and spinal cord
  • brain forebrain, midbrain, hidbrain
  • consists of general
  • made up of details
  • be composed of structure, tissues, cells
  • to cover outside
  • to line inside
  • to coat inside and outside
  • vasculo blood vessel
  • transparent see through
  • humor any liquid substance in the body
  • vitreous jelly like substance
  • lobe part of a soft organ
  • circum around
  • peri- around
  • intra in/within
  • epi- upon/over
  • extra outside
  • infra below under
  • sub below under
  • inter between
  • juxta near/beside
  • para near/beside
  • retro behind/backward
  • supra above
  • peritone/o membrane inside abdomen
  • urogenital system reproductive organs, urinary system
  • adrenal glands produce hormones. endocrine
  • cephalic region head
  • cervical region neck
  • deltoid region shoulder
  • thoracic region upper trunk
  • sternal region around the breastbone
  • pectoral region chest
  • axillary region armpit
  • scapular region shoulder blade
  • vertebral region spinal column
  • abdominal region lower trunk
  • umbilical region around the navel
  • lumbar region lower lateral back
  • pelvic region hip
  • gluteal region butt
  • sacral region lower medial back
  • femoral region thigh
  • inguinal region groin
  • membrane types epithelial and fibrous membrane
  • trunk the body, no limbs no neck
  • digestive tract oral cavity, pharynx, oesophagus, stomach, intenstines
  • respiratory tract pharynx, trachea, lungs, bronchi, bronchioles
  • pharynx nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx
  • lungs bronchi bronchioles, alveoli
  • hindbrain pons, cerebellum, medulla oblongata
  • brain contains.. white and grey matter
  • another word for mediastinum inter pleural space
  • ium membrane tissue
  • subcutaneous tissue hypodermis / superficial fascia
  • fundus deepest part of a sac like hollow structure, or portion of organ opposite to its opening
  • notch V-shaped indentation
  • dilation expansion
  • sphincter band of muscle around opening
  • lateral compartments pleural cavities
  • alimentary digestive
  • cardiac orifice esophageal sphincter
  • incisura cardia acute angle
  • acute angle less than 90 °
  • visceral membrane.. covers the organ
  • parietal membrane.. lines body cavities where the organ is
  • pyloric portion? pyloric antrum and pyloric canal
  • calyx, calyces cup shaped
  • cortex outer part of a structure
  • medulla inner part of a structure
  • another word for medulla pulp (spleen and tooth)
  • hilus/hilum? concave part of a structure where blood vessels enter and leave
  • strata layers of tissue
  • strettum a layer of tissue
  • superficial above
  • fascia connective tissue
  • epithelial tissue? mucous and serous membrane
  • fibrous tissue? periosteum and fibrous membrane
  • capsule (kidney) thin fibrous sheet which covers the kidney
  • medulla of kidney inside the pyramids
  • squamous flat, scale like
  • cortex of kidney? outside the pyramids, between and above
  • excrete to send out, wastes.
  • secrete produce, hormone, enzymes, bile
  • synthesize to produce something complex
  • lymphoid organ belongs to the lymphatic system
  • lymphatic system immune system
  • reticuloendothelial system defence system
  • hemopoetic system blood formation system
  • hemo/hemat blood
  • poiesis formation
  • erythropoeisis formation of red blood cells
  • normal red blood cells biconcave, no nucleus
  • abnormal red blood cells either has nucleus or not biconcave
  • spherocytes red spherical shaped blood cells
  • spherocytosis exaggerated (too many)
  • erythrocytosis too many red blood cells
  • hereditary genetic
  • reticulocytes (allt) immature, young, nucleated red blood cells.
  • follicle tiny pocket like structure
  • sinusoids tiny blood vessels
  • breed produce offspring
  • salivary glands produces saliva
  • anemia decrease in total amount of erythrocytes
  • ovum the mature egg
  • zygote fertilised egg
  • morula cell cluster
  • blastocyst morula after it has developed cavity
  • detain to hold back
  • ripen mature
  • aid help
  • RES reticuloendothelial system
  • function of RES clearance of blood from injured blod cells
  • spleen does what in RES detain and destroys abnormal cells
  • lymph follicles are .. the site of lymphocyte production
  • flow chart shows process / stages of development
  • fallopian tube a pair of tubes from each ovary. attached to the side of the fundus of the uterus
  • endometrium uterine lining
  • implantation imbedded
  • germ layes ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm
  • acrosome cap of sperm, contains genetic material
  • sperm larger or smaller than egg? smaller
  • flagellum whip like tail of sperm
  • fetus the embryo after all the major body organs has developed
  • placenta membranous vascular organ, permits metabolic interchange. FETUS
  • yolk sac membranous sac attached to EMBRYO. metabolic interchange. encloses food yolk.
  • ovary female reproductive organ that produces ova and certain sex hormones
  • propels to cause to move forward
  • collum uteri / cervix uteri neck of uterus
  • ectoderm skin, hair, nails develop
  • notochord first stage of vertebral column. strip of muscle.
  • ova mature egg
  • cluster group of cells
  • trophoblast outer cells of blastocyst
  • amniotic cavity fluid filled sac
  • prior to before
  • preceding action that comes before another one
  • simultaneous at the same time
  • cusp flap of tissue
  • tricuspid valve between right atria and ventricle. has 3 flaps
  • partition dividing wall
  • apex/apices pointed part of a structure
  • pericardium double layered membrane that surrounds heart like sac
  • strongest and largest chamber in heart left ventricle
  • pulmonary semilunar valve controls blood flow from.. right ventricle into the pulmonary arteries
  • mitral/bicuspid valve between left atria and left ventricle
  • aortic semilunar valve from... left ventricle to aorta
  • heart muscle myocardium
  • SA node "heart natural pacemaker"
  • pace rhythm
  • systole contraction
  • diastole relaxation
  • SA node signal leads to? contraction
  • systemic circulation from heart to tissues then back to heart
  • pulmonary circulation from heart to lungs then back
  • septum partition, separates right & left side of heart
  • systemic disease disease pertaining the whole body
  • minute very small
  • breed reproduce
  • incubation period the period of development
  • rupture burst
  • rigor shivering
  • anemia deficiency
  • epidemiology subject that discusses disease
  • panepidemics global spread disease
  • route of conduction SA, AV, bundle of HIS, purkinje
  • eventually something happens after a period of time
  • subsequently afterwards
  • on as soon as
  • ecto outside
  • endo inside
  • meso middle
  • wall of thoracic cavity ribs
  • sites places
  • hyper to much
  • After passing into the right atrium the blood flows through the tricuspid valve
  • the tricuspid valve closes before the pulmonary valves opens
  • the muscles of the left ventricle and right ventricle contract simultaneously
  • the blood enters the left ventricle on passing through the mitral valve
  • before the ejection of blood into the aorta the aortic semilunar valve opens
  • the blood from superior vena cava enters the heart at the same time as that from the inferior vena cava
  • the pressure in the right ventricle increases during the contraction of the muscles
  • the pulmonary valve remains open while the blood flows into the pulmonary arteries
  • the mitral valve does not close until the left ventricular muscle contracts
  • saliva liquid secreted by salivary glands
  • the pulmonary valve remains closed until it is forced open by the pressure in the right ventricle
  • Prior to the opening of the aortic valve the pressure inside the left ventricle increases
  • spleen - red cells - hereditary spherocytosis the spleen selectively obtains red blood cells in hereditary spherocytosis
  • all the phagocytic cells of the body except the circulating white blood cells are called reticuloendothelial system - RES
  • lumbar lower back
  • lined with the choroid sclera
  • retina light sensitive membrane around the vitreous humor of the eye
  • caudal toward the lower end of the spine
  • fossa pit
  • one function of spleen to detain faulty red blood cells
  • distal end of esophagus stomach
  • v shaped indentation angular notch
  • conjuctiva covers the.. cornea

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